The Effect of Covid-19 Pandemic, Grdp, and the City/District Minimum Wages on the Poverty in Banten Province on the Open Unemployment Rate as a Mediation Variable

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26668/businessreview/2023.v8i5.1034

Keywords:

Poverty, TPT, COVID-19, GRDP, City/District Minimum Wages

Abstract

Purpose: This research aims to analyze poverty and to know the effect of Covid-19 pandemic, Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP), and The City/District Minimum Wages on the poverty in Banten province on the open unemployment rate (TPT) as a mediation variable.

 

Theoretical framework:  Poverty is a primary issue that becomes the attention of every nation's government.  The poverty rate in the province of Banten is the sum of eight districts or cities. Based on the findings of the National Socio-Economic Survey (Sensus Sosial Ekonomi Nasional), the poverty rate in Banten Province in March 2021 was 6.66 percent, up from 5.92 percent in 2020 and 5.09 percent in 2019.

 

Design/methodology/approach:  This study used a sample of eight districts/cities in the province of Banten. This research employs a quantitative methodology using secondary data sources. Banten Province's Central Statistics Agency (BPS) is the data source for this study.. The time frame considered is three years, from 2019 to 2021.

 

Findings:  the result of this research shows that Covid-19 Pandemic (as X1), Gross Regional Domestic Product (X2), and The City/District Minimum Wages (X3) show a direct effect on Poverty (Y) in Banten province as 99.2, and indirect effect of Covid-19, Gross Domestic Product and The City/District Minimum Wages through Open Unemployment Rate (Z) on the Poverty (Y) in Banten province as 93.5%.

 

Research, Practical & Social implications: This study expands theories and concepts for addressing poverty and unemployment, particularly in Banten Province, particularly those related to factors that have a significant impact or influence on poverty and unemployment, so they can be used as references by policymakers in Banten Province when developing programs and policies to address these issues,  especially in light of the ongoing Covid-19 epidemic, which has not been eradicated.

 

Originality/value: The data value of research originality by measuring and combined the effect of the covid-19 pandemic, GRDP, The City/District Minimum Wages on poverty by using the open unemployment rate variable as mediation for the first time in banten province.

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Published

2023-05-24

How to Cite

Saefullah, E., Rohaeni, N., Putra, A. R., Afiah, E. T., Nurizki, A. T., Hilman, Nailufaroh, L., Andriani, J., & Lestari, D. M. (2023). The Effect of Covid-19 Pandemic, Grdp, and the City/District Minimum Wages on the Poverty in Banten Province on the Open Unemployment Rate as a Mediation Variable. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 8(5), e01034. https://doi.org/10.26668/businessreview/2023.v8i5.1034