Systematic Literature Review: Affective Experiences as a Predictor of Counterproductive Work Behaviour
Keywords:Systematic Literature Review, 2016 Turkey Tourism Crisis, Affective Experience, Affective States, Discrete Emotions
Purpose: This study aims to systematically review the literature on counterproductive work behaviour (CWB) to understand better the role of affective experiences in predicting such behaviour.
Theoretical framework: Since CWB can have devastating effects on both individuals and organisations, there has been rising concern about the issue. Meanwhile, recent studies have demonstrated the substantial influence of affective experiences on CWB. Therefore, it’s common to view such experiences as immediate causes of CWB in the workplace. However, a lack of research has systematically examined this relationship.
Design/methodology/approach: This study follows PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines by integrating multiple research designs from 2017 to 2022 to investigate the phenomenon of affective experiences-CWB. The relevant literature review was selected from two (2) established databases, Scopus and Web of Science.
Findings: Thematic analysis yielded three (3) overarching themes as predictors of affective states at work: unpleasant treatment/attitudes of others, job stressors, and dispositional distribution. Affective states that predict CWB were also identified, with two (2) primary themes (broad negative and positive affect) and seven (7) sub-themes (discrete negative and positive emotions). Furthermore, two (2) major themes, internal and external mechanisms, appear to be underlying mechanisms in the relationship between affective experiences and CWB.
Research, Practical & Social implications: This study offers valuable insight into the state of knowledge and practical implementation for future strategies.
Originality/value: This work may be the first study to systematically review the literature on the topic of CWB from an affective experience perspective. The work contributes to the existing literature on affective experience-CWB in two (2) major ways. First, the study provides a more in-depth explanation of the predictors, implications, and underlying mechanisms, of the relationship between affective experiences and CWB by thoroughly reviewing the relevant empirical studies. Second, it identifies important research gaps and recommends a path forward for future studies in this field.
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