Investigation the Relationship Between Main Sources Knowledge Acquisition and Open Innovation at the Second Managerial Levels of the General Directorate of Traffic




Knowledge Acquisition, Customers, Supplier, Competitors, Partners, Open Innovation


Purpose: This study aims to examine and investigate the main sources of knowledge acquisition for individuals at the middle management levels and determine the relationship (degree of correlation and influence) between the variables of the study


Theoretical framework: Recent and future studies literature reported the need for, knowledge acquisition takes place, and the best methods are those that come from outside sources such as partners, competitors, suppliers, and customers, as best practices when compared to other institutions.


Design/methodology/approach: this study used the scientific methodology based on knowledge analysis, it used a questionnaire that was created taking into account the scientific requirements, Two main hypotheses have been developed. And it consisted of a sample of individuals who depended on learning new things, most similar to knowledge processes. The second organizational level of the General Traffic Department and (63) other individuals were used to generate this sample and adopted computer statistics (SPSS. V. 24) to analyze and process data and information


Findings: The results concluded and found that the variables of acquiring knowledge and open innovation had a positive correlation and impact, as the variable (partners) obtained the highest correlation value.


Research, Practical & Social implications: Managers can find new visions and indicators for applying the knowledge acquisition system, and identifying their impact on achieving open innovation.


Originality/value: The value of the study is to enhance the understanding of the literature related to The Relationship Between Main Sources of Knowledge Acquisition And Open Innovation by analysis, and provides an applied conception.


Download data is not yet available.


Aldedah, H. Jabbar. (2020). Management of advanced knowledge organizations, Contemporary analytical approach in agreement with the leaders of the organization's management(Gareth Jones & Richard Daft( (1st ed.). Al-Nahreen publisher.

Aldedah, H., & Kadhum, S. H. (2022). Exploration the Effect Factors in Applying the Knowledge Sharing System (Kss) in Food Industries.Co: (Estudio de análisis en Etihad Food International Journal of Professional Business Review, 7(5), e0438.

Albarracin, D. and Shavitt, S.(2018) Attitudes and Attitude Change,Annual Review of Psychology,Vol. 69:299-327 (Volume publication date January 2018),First published as a Review in Advance on August 25, 2017,

Al-Hafez,T,A., Al-Mahdi, Y.F.(2015) The reality of the practice of knowledge sharing among faculty members: an empirical study at the colleges of education in some Arab universities, Pages p. 479-517, Journal of Educational and Psychological Sciences. Mg. 16, p. 4, December.

Beula, D. S. ., Velmurugan, V. P. ., & Janardhanan, K. A. . (2022). A Role of Knowledge Level of Employees in Customer Relationship Management With Special Reference to Lic. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 7(2), e0436.

Bolisani, E., Moffett, S., & Garcia-Perez, A. (2017). Guest editorial. VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, 47(4), 430–437.

Chen, J., & Yin, X. (2019). Connotation and types of innovation. The Routledge Companion to Innovation Management, 26–54.

Chen, Y., & Vanhaverbeke, W. (2019). Open innovation. The Routledge Companion to Innovation Management, 180–203.

Chesbrough, H., & Euchner, J. (2011). The evolution of Open innovation: An interview with Henry Chesbrough. Research-Technology Management, 54(5), 13–18.

Dehbani, M., Rahimi, M., & Rahimi, Z. (2022). A review on convective heat transfer enhancement using ultrasound. Applied Thermal Engineering, 208, 118273.

Fernandez, Irma Becerra and Sabherwal ,Rajiv ( 2015) Knowledge Management Systems and Processes, Second Edition

Haddock, G.,and Maio, G.R.(2019) Inter-individual differences in attitude content: Cognition, affect, and attitudes. In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, vol. 59, pp. 53-102, Academic Press, 2018.10.002

Hajric, Emil .(2018). Knowledge Management : System and Practices, A Theoretical and Practical Guide for Knowledge Management in Your Organization

Lee, S.-H. (2016). Epistemic asymmetry and accountability in service interaction. Accountability in Social Interaction, 175–206.

Maio, G.R., Haddock, G.,and Verplanken, B.(2018) The psychology of attitudes and attitude change, Sage Publications Limited.

Majeed, hashim J. I. B. B. A. R. (2022). Exploration The Effect Factors In Applying The Knowledge Sharing System (Kss) In Food Industries.Co. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 7(5).

Naaranoja, M., & Uden, L. (2016). Sense making in a small renovation planning process. Proceedings of the The 11th International Knowledge Management in Organizations Conference on The Changing Face of Knowledge Management Impacting Society.

Okatan, K. (2021). Management and leadership type in automotive industry: view from Turkey. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi.

Özbebek, A , Kılıçarslan Toplu, E . (2011). Empowered Employees’ Knowledge Sharing Behavior . International Journal of Business and Management Studies , 3 (2) , 69-76 . Retrieved from

Pohl, A., & Engel, B. (2020). Open innovation. Handbuch Digitale Wirtschaft, 933–958.

Ratnasari,SL., Sutjahjo,G., Adam (2020)The effect of job satisfaction , organization, culture, and leadership on employee performance, Ann Trop Med & Public Health; 23(S13A): SP231329. DOI:

Robert Kyeyagalire,(2012); Quality Improvement Advisor, University Research Co., LLC., rkyeyagalire@gmail. Com

Shafiq, M., Shafiq, M. A., & Yousef, H. A. (2017). Stability and convergence analysis of direct adaptive inverse control Complexity, 2017, 1–12.

Shu-Mei Tseng.(2009). Using the knowledge chain model, a study on a customer, supplier, and competitor knowledge.International Journal of Information Management.




How to Cite

Majeed , H. J., & Kadhum, S. H. (2023). Investigation the Relationship Between Main Sources Knowledge Acquisition and Open Innovation at the Second Managerial Levels of the General Directorate of Traffic. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 8(2), e01362.