Is It Possible To Adopt A Budget Of Performance In The Iraqi Government Companies?

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26668/businessreview/2023.v8i5.1735

Keywords:

Performance Budget, Traditional Budget, Cost Objective, Program Performance

Abstract

Purpose: The study aims to investigate the extent to which material and non-material requirements are available in applying budgeting programs and performance in Iraqi governmental companies that are not aimed at achieving profits. whose activities are limited to providing services of public interest. This is done by studying the extent to which the requirements of each stage of preparing the programs and performance budget can be met.

 

Theoretical framework: The process of evaluating financial performance is the main objective of all economic units, whether they are governmental or private economic units. Budgets contribute to the evaluation process by analyzing deviations in the application. The study includes an analytical presentation of the importance of balancing programs and performance through criticisms directed at the traditional budget, known as item balancing.

 

Design/methodology/approach: The idea of reforming the Iraqi budget was born in the government as a result of the catastrophic failure of many government projects. After the decline in oil prices, which is the main source of financing public spending. Not to mention the war on ISIS, which made the budget sag with public spending. The study was conducted by relying on the questionnaire form. Which was distributed to a number of auditors, numbering 120 people. The study (Ho, 2018) was relied upon in conducting the applied study.

 

Findings: The results of the survey indicate the weakness of the possibility of applying the program budget in all its six basic stages, as it mainly requires amending the accounting system. This amendment also includes the use of cost accounting as a main element on which this budget is based in order to determine the goal of each program.

 

Research, Practical & Social implications: The traditional budget focuses on what is inevitably spent without focusing on how to manage resources under specific programmes. As a result, these effects have been reflected on many development projects, the completion of which is often delayed. Program and performance budget focuses on the program as a whole, and each program is evaluated according to what was implemented during the year.

 

Originality/value: This study is the first of its kind, which focused on the requirements of applying budget performance in Iraqi government-affiliated companies. With the aim of determining the adoption requirements in a way that can contribute to making recommendations towards the process of adopting this type of budget.

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Published

2023-05-15

How to Cite

Aidi, I. S., Ali, Z. N., & Flayyih, H. H. (2023). Is It Possible To Adopt A Budget Of Performance In The Iraqi Government Companies?. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 8(5), e01735. https://doi.org/10.26668/businessreview/2023.v8i5.1735