Factors Affecting Business Performance: Expanding Theoretical Measurements


  • Vu Thi Thanh Thuy Accounting Department, University of Labour and Social Affairs
  • Pham Thi Hong Nhung Joint Stock Commercial Bank For Foreign Trade of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Le Thi Tu Oanh University of Labour and Social Affairs
  • Ngo Thi Kim Hoa Academy of Finance, Hanoi, Vietnam




Influencing Factors, External Factors, Internal Factors, Business Performance, Financial Indicators, Non-Financial Indicators


Purpose: The article aims to expand a scale system of factors that impacts on business performance.


Theoretical framework: The paper based on the empirical data collected from various types of participants, including accountants (for information providing), managers (for decision-making), sales staff (for work), and lecturers (for research) in Vietnam.


Design/methodology/approach: By descriptive and comparative statistical analysis of SPSS 20 software with 124 valid observations, the survey has proposed the scale system of influencing factors (03 groups of external factors, 05 groups of internal factors) and business performance measures (10 financial and 11 non-financial indicators).


Findings: This study points out the different evaluations according to the demographic features of survey subjects on the group of financial indicators. Specifically, the group of accountants (representing information providers) obtains a lower score than the group of information users. Likewise, the post-graduated participants show stricter assessments of financial indicators in comparison to the rest of the group.


Research, Practical & Social implications: These results suggest the scale system for measuring influencing factors toward business performance in enterprises for further research.


Originality/value: The value of the study is providing an expansion of the factors affecting the efficiency of an enterprise and points out a commonly used set of financial performance measurement indicators. Research results provide useful references for research on related issues.


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How to Cite

Thuy, V. T. T., Nhung, P. T. H., Oanh, L. T. T., & Hoa, N. T. K. (2023). Factors Affecting Business Performance: Expanding Theoretical Measurements. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 8(5), e02134. https://doi.org/10.26668/businessreview/2023.v8i5.2134