Management of Ecological Resources for Sustainable Tourism: A Systematic Review on Community Participation in Ecotourism Literature




Ecotourism, Community Participation, Community Based Ecotourism, Community Involvement, Sustainable Development


Objectives of the study: This paper aims to analyse how community participation is viewed and implemented in ecotourism projects with evidence from ecotourism literature. The paper elaborates on the evolution and trends of community participation in ecotourism projects.

Methodology: With the use of content analysis method, the study analyses literature in the form of journal articles. For the analysis, research articles published from 1990-2019 were collected from journal databases and search engines, including Scopus, Science Direct, Taylor and Francis, and Google Scholar.

Originality/ Relevance: The present study intends to address the research gap in ecotourism literature that reviews and descriptively analyze the disseminated information on community participation

Findings: The main findings suggest that only some ecotourism projects are successfully running with the full participation of local communities. The extent and type of community participation vary in each ecotourism project depending on social, cultural, and political factors. It also points out the presence of contradicting views regarding its effectiveness and applicability.

Theoretical/ Methodological Contributions: Analysis of ecotourism literature on one of the key aspects of ecotourism is necessary to investigate and understand the patterns and themes of community participation and contributes on the directions for future research.


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Author Biographies

Uswathul Hasana, Pondicherry University

Uswathul Hasana is a full-time Ph. D research scholar in the Department of Tourism Studies, Pondicherry University, under the guidance of Prof. Sampada Kumar Swain. She is a rank holder in both her Bachelor’s and Master’s in Tourism and Travel Management. She has been awarded the Junior Research Fellowship by UGC, and her areas of interest are Ecotourism, Sustainable Tourism Development, and Tourism- Community Development.

Sampada Kumar Swain, Pondicherry University

Sampada Kumar Swain is Professor and Head of the Department of Tourism Studies, Pondicherry University. He has obtained all his degrees (Graduation, PG, Ph.D. & D.Litt.) from Utkal University, Bhubaneswar. He served in RCM, Bhubaneswar, before joining Pondicherry University in 2004 as a lecturer. He was on deputation to IGNTU, Amarkantak, MP, as Professor from 2012 to 2018. He published three dozen research papers, two edited books, and one reference book. Prof. Swain has co-authored a book titled “Tourism Principles and Practices, published by OUP. His areas of research interest include Sustainable Tourism, Ecotourism, Responsible Tourism, Community-based Tourism, Destination Image, and Social Tourism. 

Babu George, Christian Brothers University, Memphis, Tennessee

Professor and Associate Dean in the School of Business of Christian Brothers University, Memphis, Tennessee, USA. He has a PhD in Management, a DBA in International Business, and an EdS in Higher Education Innovation and Leadership. He is a graduate of Harvard University’s Institute for Educational Management. In addition, he has completed multiple postdoctoral professional development experiences. Sustainable development in the services industry context is one of his major areas of research.


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How to Cite

Hasana, U., Swain, S. K., & George, B. (2021). Management of Ecological Resources for Sustainable Tourism: A Systematic Review on Community Participation in Ecotourism Literature. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 7(1), e0269.



Studies in Tourism