Socioeconomic Development on Poverty Alleviation of Women Entrepreneurship

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26668/businessreview/2021.v6i1.283

Keywords:

Women entrepreneurship, poverty allevaition, microfinance, entrepreneurial, socioeconomic

Abstract

Purpose: In many developing and affluent countries, poverty alleviation has been the prime goal of promoting socioeconomic status. The Government's attempt to curb poverty includes promoting monetary-generation projects, providing facilities to raise the standard of living, and executing the programs to teach positive values for these underprivileged. The research seeks to uncover decisive aspects of socioeconomic improvement of poverty alleviation in women entrepreneurship

Methodology: Data of 300 women entrepreneurs from three different states in Malaysia participated in the study. We have analyzed the research data through PLS-SEM to examine the formulated hypotheses.

Findings: It indicates microfinance was the strongest predictor of poverty alleviation in Malaysia. Entrepreneurial and personality factors are next on the list. Conversely, the environment and culture had little impact on impoverishment

Research Implications: The importance acceptance of the microfinance program is the primary catalyst in creating new employment. It also provides a source of earning to improve the underprivilege’s social and economic well-being and eradicate poverty.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Nik Syuhailah Nik Hussin, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Her PhD in Marketing received from Universiti Malaysia Terengganu in 2021. Being a lecturer marketing at Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Nik Syuhailah keen in the field of marketing, consumerism issue and retailing. Currently she had published papers, involved with grant and consultation with other network that relate to her passion.

Zuraimi Abdul Aziz , Faculty of Entrepreneurship and Business, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Kota Bahru

Associate professor at Universiti Malaysia Kelantan. He received his PhD from the Universiti Malaysia Kelantan. His research interests lie in the field of management, particularly logistics & transport, and strategic planning.

References

Abd Rani, S. H., & Hashim, N. (2015). Factor that influence women entrepreneurial success in Malaysia: A conceptual framework. Paper presented at the Conference on Business Management Research II (CBMR II), Universiti Utara Malaysia.

Agbola, F. W., Acupan, A., & Mahmood, A. (2017). Does microfinance reduce poverty? new evidence from Northeastern Mindanao, the Philippines. Journal of Rural Studies, 50, 159-171. doi:10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.11.005

Aggarwal, A., & Rahul, M. (2017). Impact of perceived usability and perceived information quality on Indian consumer purchase intentions in online shopping: implication of TAM and S-O-R theory. International Journal Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, 15(2), 160-183. doi:10.1108/JEEE-03-2016-0011

Agustina, I., & Pradesa, H. A. (2020). Gender differences in risk taking among entrepreneurs : case on small medium enterprise in Malang. Warmadewa Management and Business Journal, 2(2). doi:10.22225/wmbj.2.2.2020.63-72

Al-shami, S. S. A., Majid, I., Rashid, N., & Hamid, M. S. R. A. (2014). Conceptual framework: the role of microfinance on the wellbeing of poor people cases studies from Malaysia and Yemen. Asian Social Science, 10(1), 230-242. doi:10.5539/ass.v10n1p230

Al-shami, S. S. A., Razali, R. M., Majid, I., Rozelan, A., & Rashid, N. (2016). The effect of microfinance in women’s empowerment: evidence from Malaysia. Asian Journal of Women’s Studies, 22(3), 318-337. doi:10.1080/12259276.2016.1205378

Al-shami, S. S. A., Razali, R. M., & Rashid, N. (2017). The effect of microcredit on women empowerment in welfare and decisions making in Malaysia. Social Indicators Research, 137, 1073-1090. doi:10.1007/s11205-017-1632-2

Alene, E. T. (2020). Determinants that influence the performance of women entrepreneurs in micro and small enterprises in Ethiopia. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 9(24), 1-20. doi:10.1186/s13731-020-00132-6

Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modelling in practice: a review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103(3), 411-423.

Anggadwita, G., Luturlean, B. S., Ramadani, V., & Ratten, V. (2017). Socio-cultural environments and emerging economy entrepreneurship. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 9(1), 85-96. doi:10.1108/JEEE-03-2016-0011

Apetrei, A., Kureshi, N. I., & Horodnic, I. A. (2015). When culture shapes international business. Journal of Business Research, 68(7), 1519-1521. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.01.044

Arasteh, H., Enayati, T., Zameni, F., & Khademloo, A. (2012). Entrepreneurial personality characteristics of University students: A case study. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 5736-5740. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.507

Asante, E. A., & Affum-Osei, E. (2019). Entrepreneurship as a career choice: The impact of locus of control on aspiring entrepreneurs' opportunity recognition. Journal of Business Research, 98, 227-235. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.02.006

Bajpai, G. C. (2014). African Women Entrepreneur- Problems, Challenges and Future Opportunities. International Journal of Managerial Studies and Research, 2(5), 17-22.

Beck, V., Hahn, H., & Lepenies, R. (2020). Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Poverty Measurement, Epistemic Injustices and Social Activism. In V. Beck, H. Hahn, & R. Lepenies (Eds.), Dimensions of Poverty. Philosopy and Poverty (Vol. 2). doi:10.1007/978-3-030-31711-9_1

Begley, T. M., & Tan, W.-L. (2001). The socio-cultural environment for entrepreneurship: a comparison between East Asian and Anglo-Saxon Countries. Journal of International Business Studies, 32, 537-553. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8490983

Beriso, B. S. (2021). Determinants of economic achievement for women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 10(5), 1-14. doi:10.1186/s13731-020-00141-5

Bhat, S., & Khan, R. (2014). Entrepreneurship and institutional environment: perspectives from the review of literature European Journal of Business and Management, 6(1), 84-91.

Biswas, A., & Verma, R. K. (2021). Attitude and alertness in personality traits: a pathway to building entrepreneurial intentions among university students. The Journal of Entrepreneurship, 30(2), 1-30. doi:10.1177/09713557211025656

Bongomin, G. O. C., Woldie, A., & Wakibi, A. (2020). Microfinance accessibility, social cohesion and survival of women MSMEs in post-war communities in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons from Northern Uganda. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 27(5), 749-774. doi:10.1108/JSBED-12-2018-0383

Boyles, T. (2012). 21st century knowledge, skills, and abilities and entrepreneurial competencies: a model for undergraduate entrepreneurship education. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 15, 41-55.

Chomen, D. A. (2021). The role of microfinance institutions on poverty reduction in Ethiopia: the case of Oromia Credit and Saving Share Company at Welmera district. Future Business Journal, 7(44), 1-10. doi:10.1186/s43093-021-00082-9

Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences: Hillsdale NJ:Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Dalton, P. S., Ghosal, S., & Mani, A. (2016). Poverty and aspirations failure. The Economic Journal, 126(590), 165-188. doi:10.1111/ecoj.12210

Dorado, S. (2013). Small groups as context for institutional entrepreneurship: an exploration of the emergence of commercial microfinance in Bolivia. Organization Studies, 34(4), 533-557. doi:10.1177/0170840612470255

Economic Planning Unit (EPU). (2017). Malaysia: Sustainable Development Goals Voluntary National Review 2017. Retrieved from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/15881Malaysia.pdf

Fong, E. Y., Jabor, M. K., Zulkifli, A. H., & Hashim, M. R. (2019). Challenges faced by new entrepreneurs and suggestions how to overcome them. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the International Conference on Student and Disable Student Development 2019 (ICoSD 2019).

Gamboa, G., Mingorria, S., & Scheidel, A. (2020). The meaning of poverty matters: trade-offs in poverty reduction programmes. Ecological Economics, 169(March 2020), 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.106450

Gholami, R., Sulaiman, A., Ramayah, T., & Molla, A. (2013). Senior managers’ perception on green information systems (IS) adoption and environmental performance: results from a field survey. Information and Management, 50(7), 431-438.

Gurol, Y., & Atsan, N. (2006). Entrepreneurial characteristics amongst university students: some insights for entrepreneurship education and training in Turkey. Education and Training, 48(1), 25-38. doi:10.1108/00400910610645716

Hair, J. F., Hollingsworth, A. B., & Randolph, A. C. (2017). An updated and expended assessment of PLS SEM in information systems research. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 117(3), 1-41.

Hair, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2014). A Primer on Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM): Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Hair, J. F., Matthews, L. M., Matthews, R. L., & Sarstedt, M. (2017). PLS-SEM or CB-SEM: updated guidelines on which method to use. International Journal of Multivariate Data Analysis 1(2), 107.

Hamid, M. S., Mohamed, S. B., & Abdullah, A. A. (2019). Profiling of manufacturing industries bumiputera entrepreneurs (MIBE) government related agencies. International Journal of Academics Research in Business & Social Sciences, 9(7), 1212-1262. doi:10.6007/IJARBSS/v9-i7/6240

Haque, T., Siswar, C., Ghazali, R., Said, J., & Bhuiyan, A. B. (2021). The contribution of non-conventional Microfinancing on economic, social and household empowerment of women borrowers in Malaysia. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business 8(2). doi:10.13106/jafeb.2021.vol8.no2.0643

Hatta, Z. A., & Ali, I. (2013). Poverty reduction policies in Malaysia: Trends, strategies and challenges. Asian Culture and History, 5(2).

Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2015). A new criterion for assessing discriminant validity in variance-based structural equation modelling. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 43(1), 115-135.

Hoque, A. S. M. M., Awang, Z., Muda, H., & Salleh, F. (2018). Ramification of crowdfunding on Bangladeshi entrepreneur’s self-efficacy. Growing Science, 4, 129-138. doi:10.5267/j.ac.2018.04.001

Hoque, N., Khan, M. A., & Mohammad, K. D. (2015). Poverty alleviation by Zakah in a transitional economy: a small business entrepreneurial framework. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 5(1). doi:10.1186/s40497-015-0025-8

Hussain, M. D., Bhuiyan, A. B., & Bakar, R. (2014). Entrepreneurship development and poverty alleviation: an empirical review. Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 4(10), 558-573.

Ismail, I., Rahim, N. A., Kamal, M. H. M., Mat, R. C., & Husin, N. (2015). Investigating the needs for achievement, risk taking and tolerance for ambiguity toward entrepreneurial passion among single mother entrepreneur in Malaysia. Procedia Economics and Finance, 31, 110-116. doi:10.1016/S2212-5671(15)01137-5

Janjua, P. Z., & Kamal, U. A. (2014). The role of education and health in poverty alleviation a cross country analysis. British Journal of Economics, Management & Trade, 4(6), 896-924.

Jimenez, A., Palmero-Camara, C., Gonzalez-Santos, M. J., Gonzalez-Bernal, J., & Jimenez-Eguizabal, J. A. (2015). The impact of educational levels on formal and informal entrepreneurship. BRQ Business Research Quarterly, 18(3), 204-212. doi:10.1016/j.brq.2015.02.002

Kamberidou, I. (2020). “Distinguished” women entrepreneurs in the digital economy and the multitasking whirlpool. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 9(3), 2-26. doi:10.1186/s13731-020-0114-y

Kanayo, O., Jumare, F., & Nancy, S. (2013). Challenges of microfinance access in Nigeria: implications for entrepreneurship development Mediterranean Journal of Social Science, 4(611-618). doi:10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n6p611

Kazeem, A. A., & Asimiran, S. (2016). Factors affecting entrepreneurial self-efficacy of engineering students. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 6(11), 519-534. doi:10.6007/IJARBSS/v6-i11/2423

Kerr, S. P., Kerr, W. R., & Xu, T. (2017). Personality traits of entrepreneurs: a review of recent literature. Retrieved from https://www.hbs.edu/ris/Publication%20Files/18-047_b0074a64-5428-479b-8c83-16f2a0e97eb6.pdf

Kerr, S. P., Kerr, W. R., & Xu, T. (2018). Personality traits of entrepreneurs: a review of recent literature. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 14(3), 279-356.

Khan, A. A., Khan, S. U., Fahad, S., Ali, M. A. S., Khan, A., & Luo, J. (2020). Microfinance and poverty reduction: new evidence from Pakistan. International Journal of Finance & Economics, 26(3), 4723-4733. doi:10.1002/ijfe.2038

Khan, R. U., Salamzadeh, Y., Shah, S. Z. A., & Hussain, M. (2021). Factors affecting women entrepreneurs’ success: a study of small and medium sized enterprises in emerging market of Pakistan. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 10(11), 2-21. doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-63473/v1

Kirkley, W. W. (2016). Creating ventures: decision factors in new venture creation. Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 10(1), 151-167. doi:10.1108/APJIE-12-2016-003

Kline, R. B. (2015). Principle and Practice of Structural Equation Modelling: Guilford Publications.

Konrad, E. D. (2013). Cultural entrepreneurship: the impact of social networking on success. Creativity and Innovation Management, 22(3), 307-319. doi:10.1111/caim.12032

Kraus, S., McDowell, W., Ribeiro-Soriano, D. E., & Rodriguez-Garcia, M. (2021). The role of innovation and knowledge for entrepreneurship and regional development. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 33(3-4), 175-184. doi:10.1080/22797254.2021.1872929

Krueger, N., Linan, F., & Nabi, G. (2013). Cultural values and entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 25(9-10), 703-707. doi:10.1080/08985626.2013.862961

Kusa, R., Duda, J., & Suder, M. (2021). Explaining SME performance with fsQCA: the role of entrepreneurial orientation, entrepreneur motivation, and opportunity perception. Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, July, 1-12. doi:10.1016/j.jik.2021.06.001

Kwadzo, M. (2015). Choosing concepts and measurements of poverty: A comparison of three major poverty approaches. JOurnal of Poverty, 19(4), 409-423. doi:10.1080/10875549.2015.1015067

Lim, I. (2020). Statistics Dept: Malaysia’s new poverty line income is RM2,208, over 400k households considered poor. Malay Mail. Retrieved from https://www.malaymail.com/news/malaysia/2020/07/10/statistics-dept-malaysias-new-poverty-line-income-is-rm2208-over-400k-house/1883285

Linton, G. (2019). Innovativeness, risk-taking, and proactiveness in startups: a case study and conceptual development. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 9(20), 1-21. doi:10.1186/s40497-019-0147-5

Liu, Y., Liu, J., & Zhou, Y. (2017). Spatio-temporal patterns of rural poverty in China and targeted poverty alleviation strategies. Journal of Rural Studies, 52, 66-75. doi:10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.04.002

Ma’ruf, A., & Aryani, F. (2019). Financial inclusion and achievements of sustainable development goals (SDGs) in Asean. Journal of Business and Economics Review, 4(4), 147-155. doi:10.35609/jber.2019.4.4(1)

Madanipour, A., Shucksmith, M., & Talbot, H. (2015). Concepts of poverty and social exclusion in Europe. Local Economy: The Journal of the Local Economy Policy Unit, 30(7), 721-741. doi:10.1177/0269094215601634

Mahmood, S., Hussain, J., & Matlay, H. Z. (2014). Optimal microfinance loan size and poverty reduction amongst female entrepreneurs in Pakistan. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 21(2), 231-249. doi:10.1108/JSBED-03-2014-0043

Makhbul, Z. M., & Hasun, F. M. (2011). Entrepreneurial success: an exploratory study among entrepreneurs. International Journal of Business and Management, 6(1), 116-125.

Mecha, N. S. (2017). Effect of microfinance on poverty reduction: a critical scrunity of theoretical literature. Global Journal of Commerce & Management Perspective, 6(3), 16-33. doi:10.24105/gjcmp.6.3.1702

Mitchelmore, S., & Rowley, J. (2010). Entrepreneurial competencies: a literature review and development agenda. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 16(2), 92-111. doi:10.1108/13552551011026995

Mohamad, N. M., Masron, T. A., & Ibrahim, H. (2021). The role of entrepreneurship on income inequality in developing countries. JOurnal of Poverty, 25(6), 520-542. doi:10.1080/10875549.2020.1869662

Mohamad, O., Ramayah, T., Puspowarsito, H., Natalisa, D., & Saerang, P. E. (2011). Corporate entrepreneurship and firm Performance: the role of business environment as a moderator. IUP Journal of Management Research, 10(3), 7-27.

Mohamed, E. F., & Fauziyyah, N. E. (2020). Islamic microfinance for poverty alleviation: a systematic literature review. International Journal of Economics, Management and Accounting, 28(1), 141-163.

Mohd Nor, A. N., & Kumar, S. (2021). The evidence of microfinance as a tool in poverty alleviation in Malaysia – a survey. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 12(6), 9673-9685.

Mohd Nor, A. N., & Senthi, K. T. (2019). The chronology of microfinance development in Malaysia: a review. Paper presented at the FGIC 2nd Conference on Government and Integrity.

Mohd Yusof, S. W., Jabar, J., Murad, M. A., & Ortega, R. T. (2017). Exploring the cultural determinants of entrepreneurial success: The case of Malaysia. International Journal of ADVANCED AND APPLIED SCIENCES, 4(12), 287-297. doi:10.21833/ijaas.2017.012.048

Mokhtar, S. H., & Ashhari, Z. M. (2015). Issues and challenges of microcredit programmes in Malaysia. Asian Social Science, 11(26).

Mozumdar, L., Hagelaar, G., van der Velde, G., & Omta, S. W. F. (2020). Determinants of the business performance of women entrepreneurs in the developing world context. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal, 3, 215-235. doi:doi.org/10.3390/j3020017

Mukhlisin, M., Tamanni, L., Azid, T., & Mustafida, R. (2020). Contribution of Islamic Microfinance Studies in Achieving Sustainable Development Goals. In Elzahi Saaid Ali A., Ali K., Khaleequzzaman M. (eds) Enhancing Financial Inclusion through Islamic Finance (Vol. 1). doi:10.1007/978-3-030-39935-1_4

Noguera, M., Alvarez, C., & Urbano, D. (2013). Socio-cultural factors and female entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 9, 183-197. doi:10.1007/s11365-013-0251-x

Ong, S. Y. Y., Habidin, N. F., Salleh, M. I., & Fuzi, N. M. (2016). Relationship of entrepreneurship practice and business performance of women Eetrepreneur in Malaysia. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 6(11), 95-109. doi:10.6007/IJARBSS/v6-i11/2376

Ota, T. (2016). Economic growth, income inequality and environment: assessing the applicability of the Kuznets hypotheses to Asia. Palgrave Communication, 3, 1-26. doi:10.1057/palcomms.2017.69

Othman, M. B. (2015). Role of women in achieving shared prosperity: an impact study of Islamic microfinance in Malaysia. Paper presented at the 2nd Global Conference on Business and Social Science.

Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: a critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(5), 879-903. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14516251

Polas, M. R. H., Raju, V., Muhibbulah, M., & Tabash, M. I. (2021). Rural women characteristics and sustainable entrepreneurial intention: a road to economic growth in Bangladesh. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy. doi:10.1108/JEC-10-2020-0183

Ringle, C. M., Wende, S., & Becker, J.-M. (2015). SmartPLS 3. Retrieved from www.smartpls.com

Sadri, A. (2010). Science-driven entrepreneurship in the Islamic world. International Journal of Information Science and Management, 8(1), 73-81.

Sambharya, R., & Mustteen, M. (2014). Institutional environment and entrepreneurship: an empirical study across countries. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 12(4), 314-330. doi:10.1007/s10843-014-0137-1

Samson, A. Y., Olubunmi, A. B., & Olusegub, A. A. (2013). Microfinance bank as a catalyst for entrepreneurship development in Nigeria:

evidence from Ogun State. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 14(12), 286-303.

Sanchez, J. C. (2013). The impact of an entrepreneurship education program on entrepreneurial competencies and

intention. Journal of Small Business Management, 51(3), 447-465. doi:10.1111/jsbm.12025

Sekaran, U. (2003). Research method for business: A skill building approach. United States: John Wiley & Sons.

Selvaraj, T., Karim, Z. A., Abdul-Rahman, A., & Chamhuri, N. (2018). The effects of microcredit access and macroeconomic conditions on lower income group. International Journal of Economics and Management, 12(1), 285-304.

Shah, H., & Saurabh, P. (2015). Women entrepreneurs in developing nations: growth and replication strategies and their impact on poverty alleviation. Technology Innovation Management Review, 5(8), 34-43. doi:10.22215/timreview/921

Shaheen, I., Hussain, I., & Mujtaba, G. (2018). Role of microfinance in economic empowerment of women in Lahore, Pakistan: a study of akhuwat supported women clients. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 8(2), 337-343.

Shahzad, M. F., Khan, K. I., Saleem, S., & Rashid, T. (2021). What factors affect the entrepreneurial intention to start-ups? the role of entrepreneurial skills, propensity to take risks, and innovativeness in open business models. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, 7(3), 1-23. doi:10.3390/joitmc7030173

Shaikh, S. (2020). Challenges faced by women owned micro, small and medium enterprises in an emerging economy. International Journal of Management, 11(7). doi:10.34218/IJM.11.7.2020.135

Sharma, M., Guptu, M., Sharma, R. L., & Sharma, A. K. (2021). Prospects and challenges of microfinance as a tool in poverty reduction. Academy of Marketing Studies, 25(6), 1-6.

Shastri, S., & Sinha, A. (2010). The socio-cultural and economic effect on the development of women entrepreneurs (with special reference to India) Asian Journal of Business Management, 2(2), 30-34.

Si, S., Ahlstrom, D., Wei, J., & Cullen, J. (2019). Business, entrepreneurship and innovation toward poverty reduction. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development: An International Journal, 32, 1-20.

Siti-Nabiha, A. K., & Siti-Nazirah, A. Z. (2021). Performance measurement in Islamic microfinance institutions: does it change social norms and values? Qualitative Research in Financial Markets. doi:10.1108/QRFM-09-2020-0186

Sutter, C. (2019). Entrepreneurship as a solution to extreme poverty: a review and future research directions. Journal of Business Venturing, 34(1), 197-214. doi:10.1016/j.jbusvent.2018.06.003

Tadesse, D. A. (2020). Factors affecting women entrepreneurs in establishing their own business: the case of Afar Region, Ethiopia. African Journal of Business Management, 14(3), 86-92. doi:10.5897/ajbm2019.8919

Tentama, F., & Dahlan, F. (2020). Internal locus of control and entrepreneurial intention: a study on vocational high school students. Journal of Education and Learning, 14(1), 97-102. doi:10.11591/edulearn.v14i1.13999

Ussif, R. (2020). Microfinance institutions challenges in poverty and unemployment reduction in Ghana International Journal of Engineering and Information Systems, 4(7), 114-123.

Wasdani, K. P., & Mathew, M. (2014). Potential for opportunity recognition along the stages of entrepreneurship. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 2(7), 1-24. doi:10.1186/2251-7316-2-7

World Bank Group. (2020). Malaysia Economic Monitor: Sowing the Seeds. Retrieved from https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/34929#:~:text=Malaysia%20Economic%20Monitor%2C%20December%202020%20%3A%20Sowing%20the%20Seeds,-cb&text=Malaysia's%20economy%20is%20projected%20to,by%205.8%20percent%20in%202020.&text=Notwithstanding%20a%20growth%20rebound%20in,within%20the%20next%20few%20years.

Xheneti, M., Karki, S. T., & Madden, A. (2019). Negotiating business and family demands within a patriarchal society – the case of women entrepreneurs in the Nepalese context. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 31(3-4), 259-278. doi:10.1080/08985626.2018.1551792

Yang, M. (2013). Entrepreneurial competencies of women entrepreneurs pursuing business growth. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 20(1), 125-142. doi:10.1108/14626001311298448

Yang, Y., & Liu, Y. (2021). The code of targeted poverty alleviation in China: a geography perspective. Geograpghy and Sustainability, 2(4), 243-253. doi:10.1016/j.geosus.2021.09.004

Yang, Y., Sherbinin, A. d., & Lu, Y. (2020). China’s poverty alleviation resettlement: progress, problems and solutions. Habitat International, 98(April 2020). doi:10.1016/j.habitatint.2020.102135

Women entrepreneurship, poverty allevaition, microfinance, entrepreneurial, socioeconomic

Downloads

Published

2021-10-27

How to Cite

Nik Hussin, N. S., & Aziz , Z. A. . (2021). Socioeconomic Development on Poverty Alleviation of Women Entrepreneurship. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 6(1), e0283. https://doi.org/10.26668/businessreview/2021.v6i1.283