Evolution of Blended Learning and its Prospects in Management Education
Keywords:Blended learning, Management education, Executive education, Bibliometric analysis, Management and Business Education
Purpose: The objective of this study was to identify the profile of academic research on blended learning in the world and propose a research agenda for the topic.
Theoretical framework: Recent literature has reported good results in both student performance and satisfaction in blended learning (Dziuban et al., 2004). However, there is still much to investigate and learn about BL because it is a recent development.
Design/methodology/approach: We analysed the profile of international publications on blended learning in management and business from 2001 to 2021. We identified when, who, where and what was published on the subject, singling out the authors and journals with the greatest impact based on the h-index and CiteScore (Scopus), as well as exploring the cooperation between countries.
Findings: The volume of research has been increasing over the past twenty years, although there are only a few authors, institutions and reference journals contributing to the topic’s consolidation and the countries conducting the most joint research in co-authoring networks account for the largest volume of publications, authors and impact journals.
Research, Practical & Social implications: We suggest a future research agenda and highlight the contributions made to executive and management education.
Originality/value: The results indicate that the number of publications is growing, and the management and business area is the one that contributes the most, with the countries that produce in co-authorship also providing the most publications.
Arbaugh, J. B. (2010). Do undergraduates and MBAs differ online?: Initial conclusions from the literature. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 17(2) 129-142. https://doi.org/10.1177/1548051810364989
Arbaugh, J. B. (2016). Where are the dedicated scholars of management learning and education? Management Learning, 47(2), 230-240. https://doi.org/10.1177/1350507615595773
Arbaugh, J. B., & Garrison, D. R. (2007). Researching the community of inquiry framework: Review, issues, and future directions. Internet and Higher Education, 10, 157-172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2007.04.001
Arbaugh, J. B., & Hwang, A. (2015). What are the 100 most cited articles in business and management education research, and what do they tell us? Organization Management Journal, 12(3), 154-175. https://doi.org/10.1080/15416518.2015.1073135
Arbaugh, J. B., Asarta, J. C., Hwang, A., Fornaciari, C. F., Bento, R. F., & Dean, K. L. (2017). Key authors in business and management education research: Productivity, topics, and future directions. Journal of Innovative Education, 15(3), 269-302. https://doi.org/10.1111/dsji.12131
Arbaugh, J. B., Desai, A., Rau, B., & Sridhar, B. S. (2010). A review of research on online and blended learning in the management disciplines: 1994-2009. Organization Management Journal, 7, 39-55. https://doi.org/10.1057/omj.2010.5
Arbaugh, J. B., Fornaciari, C. J., & Hwang, A. (2016). Identifying research topic development in business and management education research using legitimation code theory. Journal of Management Education, 40(6), 654-691. https://doi.org/10.1177/1052562916631109
Bal, M. (2019). Use of Digital Games in Writing Education: An Action Research on Gamification. Contemporary Educational Technology, 10(3), 246-271. https://doi.org/10.30935/cet.590005
Beenen, G., & Arbaugh, J. B. (2019). Flipping class: Why student expectations and person-situation fit matter. The International Journal of Management Education, 17(3), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2019.100311
Bentley, Y., Selassie, H., & Parkin, E. (2012). Evaluation of a global blended learning MBA programme. The International Journal of Management Education, 10, 75-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2012.03.001
Borgatti, S. P. (2002). NetDraw Software for Network Visualization. Analytic Technologies: Lexington, KY.
Caner, M. (2012). The definition of blended learning in higher education. In P. Anastasiades (Ed.), Blended Learning Environments for Adults: Evaluations and Frameworks, 19-34. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-0939-6.ch002
Castro, R. (2019). Blended learning in higher education: Trends and capabilities. Education and Information Technologies. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-019-09886-3
Chan, C. H., Wan, C. L. J., & Ko, S. (2019). Interactivity, active collaborative learning, and learning performance: The moderating role of perceived fun by using personal response systems. The International Journal of Management Education, 17(1), 94-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2018.12.004
Cheng, B., Wang, M., Mørch, A. I., Chen, N. S., & Spector, J. M. (2014). Research on e-learning in the workplace 2000-2012: a bibliometric analysis of the literature. Educational Research Review, 11, 56-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2014.01.001
Colledge, L., Moya-Anegón, F., Guerrero-Bote, V. P., Lópes-Illescas, C., Aisati, M. E., & Moed, H. F. (2010). SJR and SNIP: two new journal metrics in Elsevier's Scopus. Serials, 23(3), 215-221. https://doi.org/10.1629/23215
Daspit, J. J., & D'Souza, D. E. (2012). Using the community of inquiry framework to introduce wiki environments in blended-learning pedagogies: evidence from a business capstone course. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 11(4), 666-683. https://doi.org/10.5465/amle.2010.0154
Dziuban, C., Hartman, J., Moskal, P. D., & Sorg, S. (2004). Three ALN modalities: An institutional perspective. Elements of Quality Online Education: Into the Mainstream. 127-148.
Elsevier. (2018). What do Scopus Source parameters measure? Retrieved from: https://service.elsevier.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/11216/supporthub/scopus/#anchor
Fadol, Y., Aldamen, H., & Saadullah, S. (2018). A comparative analysis of flipped, online and traditional teaching: A case of female Middle Eastern management students. The International Journal of Management Education, 16, 266-280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2018.04.003
Fortin, A., Deslandes, M., Viger, C., & Callimaci, A. (2019): Accounting students' choice of blended learning format and its impact on performance and satisfaction. Journal of Accounting Education, 28(4), 353-383. https://doi.org/10.1080/09639284.2019.1586553
Francescucci, A., & Rohani, L. (2019). Exclusively Synchronous Online (VIRI) Learning: The Impact on Student Performance and Engagement Outcomes. Journal of Marketing Education, 41(1), 60-69. https://doi.org/10.1177/0273475318818864
Ghosh, R., & Githens, R. P. (2011). Online Contract Training: Applying Organization Theory to Reconcile Competing Missions Within Community Colleges. Human Resource Development Review, 10(2), 180-197. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534484311400022
Guz, A. N., & Rushchitsky, J. J. (2009). Scopus: A system for the evaluation of scientific journals. International Applied Mechanics, 45(4), 351-362. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10778-009-0189-4
Han, X., Zhou, Q., & Yang, J. (2011). A technical mode for sharing and utilizing open educational resources in Chinese universities. Knowledge Management & E-Learning: An International Journal, 3(3), 356-374. https://doi.org/10.34105/j.kmel.2011.03.026
Hassan, S., Haddawy, P., & Zhu, J. (2014). A bibliometric study of the world's research activity in sustainable development and its sub-areas using scientific literature. Scientometrics, 99, 549-579. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-013-1193-3
Hewett, S., Becker, K., & Bish, A. (2019). Blended workplace learning: the value of human interaction. Education + Training, 61(1), 2-16. https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-01-2017-0004
Hirsch, J. E. (2005). An index to quantify an individual's scientific research output. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102(46), 16569-16572. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0507655102
Hwang, A. (2018). Online and hybrid learning. Journal of Management Education, 42(4), 557-563. https://doi.org/10.1177/1052562918777550
Hwang, A., Arbaugh, J. B., Bento, R. F., Asarta, C. J., & Fornaciari, C. J. (2019). What causes a business and management education article to be cited: Article, author, or journal? The International Journal of Management Education, 17, 139-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2019.01.005
Karakas, F., Manisaligil, A., & Sarigollu, E. (2015). Management learning at the speed of life: Designing reflective, creative, and collaborative spaces for millenials. The International Journal of Management Education, 13, 237-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2015.07.001
Kavitha, R. K., & Jaisingh, W. (2019). A Study on the Student Experiences in Blended Learning Environments. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), 7(4), 183-186.
Kumar, P., Kumar, A., Palvia, S., & Verma, S. (2019). Online business education research: Systematic analysis and a conceptual model. The International Journal of Management Education, 17(1), 26-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2018.11.002
Lwoga, E. T., & Komba, M. (2015). Antecedents of continued usage intentions of web-based learning management systems in Tanzania. Education and Training, 57(7), 738-756. https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-02-2014-0014
Mongeon, F., & Paul-Hus, A. (2016). The journal coverage of Web of Science and Scopus: a comparative analysis. Scientometrics, 106, 213-228. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-015-1765-5
Nasir, S. A. M., Yaacob, W. F. W., & Ismail, N. (2019). The nature of online students' feedback in higher education. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 25(4), 377-392. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJIL.2019.099982
Owens, J. D., & Price, L. (2010). Is e-learning replacing the traditional lecture? Education and Training, 52(2), 128-139. https://doi.org/10.1108/00400911011027725
Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. Part 1, On the Horizon, 9(5), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1108/10748120110424816
Previtali, P., & Scarozza, D. (2019). Blended Learning Adoption: a case study of one of the oldest universities in Europe. International Journal of Educational Management 33(4), 990-998. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEM-07-2018-0197
Roig-Tierno, N., Gonzalez-Cruz, T. F., & Llopis-Martinez, J. (2017). An overview of qualitative comparative analysis: A bibliometric analysis. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 2(1), 15-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jik.2016.12.002
Rosa, C., & Johnson, J. (2019). Webinar-based approaches to maximize learning and transfer good practices: case studies from the humanitarian sector. International Journal of Training and Development, 23(4), 339-348. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijtd.12166
Rovai, A. P., & Jordan, H. M. (2004). Blended learning and sense of community: A comparative analysis with traditional and fully online graduate courses. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 5(2), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v5i2.192
Scafuto, I., Serra, F., Mangini, E., Macari, E. A., & Ruas, R. (2017). The impact of flipped classroom in MBA's evaluation. Education and Training, 59(9), 914-928. https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-06-2016-0097
Silva, A. O., Séllos-Knoerr, V. C. de, Janes, D. dos S., & Martins, J. A. M. (2020). Preparing Structured Abstract as an Instrument in Scientific Dissemination: Guidelines. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 5(2), IV-XII. https://doi.org/10.26668/businessreview/2020.v5i2.215
Sousa, M. J., Carmo, M., Gonçalves, A. C., & Martins, J. M. (2019). Creating knowledge and entrepreneurial capacity for HE students with digital education methodologies: Differences in the perceptions of students and entrepreneurs. Journal of Business Research, 94, 227-240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.02.005
Vanti, N. A. P. (2002). Da bibliometria à webometria: uma exploração conceitual dos mecanismos utilizados para medir o registro da informação e a difusão do conhecimento. Ciência da Informação, 31(2), 152-162. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-19652002000200016
Voci, E., & Young, K. (2001). Blended learning working in a leadership development programme. Industrial and Commercial Training, 33(5), 157-160. https://doi.org/10.1108/00197850110398927
Wong, B. T. M., Li, K. C., Wong, B. Y. Y., & Yau, J. S. W. (2019). Evolution and effectiveness of e-learning in accounting education: The case of Hong Kong. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 25(2), 185-196. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJIL.2019.097659
Yao, C. (2019). An investigation of adult learners' viewpoints to a blended learning environment in promoting sustainable development in China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 220(20), 134-143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.290
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Sheila Serafim-Silva, Renata Giovinazzo Spers, Luiz Vázquez-Suárez, Camilo Peña Ramírez
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms: the author(s) authorize(s) the publication of the text in the journal;
The author(s) ensure(s) that the contribution is original and unpublished and that it is not in the process of evaluation by another journal;
The journal is not responsible for the views, ideas and concepts presented in articles, and these are the sole responsibility of the author(s);
The publishers reserve the right to make textual adjustments and adapt texts to meet with publication standards.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right to first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Atribuição NãoComercial 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which allows the work to be shared with recognized authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are allowed to assume additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g. publish in institutional repository or as a book chapter), with recognition of authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are allowed and are encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on a personal web page) at any point before or during the editorial process, as this can generate positive effects, as well as increase the impact and citations of the published work (see the effect of Free Access) at http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html