Managerial Policies on Digital Development in Education and the Wellbeing of Students: Anxiety and Exhaustion




Anxiety, E-learning, Exhaustion, Students, University, Wellbeing


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe indicators of anxiety level and exhaustion among students of Tirana University during online learning as a result of pandemic conditions. 


Theoretical framework: Researchers face the tasks of knowing the impact of virtual environment on perceptions, attitudes, emotions, and wellbeing of students so that managers of higher education address practices and selected methods based on research studies, in order to protect psychological capital, to provide social support and to minimize burnout.


Design/Methodology/Approach: This study uses quantitative methods of collecting and analyzing data. Instrument of data collection is a questionnaire in which Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) is integrated as well as questionnaire of Exhaustion at work by Hock. Study sampling consists of full time students at the University of Tirana who have experienced on line learning. Students were randomly selected based on gender, age and different residence areas.


Findings: The results demonstrated that high anxiety levels among students directly influenced their exhaustion, whether psychological or physical exhaustion.


Research, Practical & Social implications: In addition, this study contributes to the successful implementation of technology in the future, in the teaching process in the universities with the aim of achieving the high indicators of individual performance, but also educational institutions.


Originality/Value: The findings of this study may help to fill the knowledge gap regarding systematic studies on the students’ psychological and individual response toward online teaching. Such research will help policymakers to consider student well-being in future e-learning development strategies.


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How to Cite

Hamzallari, B., & Kotherja, O. (2023). Managerial Policies on Digital Development in Education and the Wellbeing of Students: Anxiety and Exhaustion. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 8(9), e02941.