Sustainability Management and Practical Implications for Employees: ANA (Vinci Airports) Case Study




Sustainability in Aviation, Environment, Human Resources Involvement, Management, Commitment


Purpose: The objective of this study was to understand the practical implications of the adopted sustainable, namely environmental practices in the workplace. This article’s research purpose is to understand if the sustainability and environmental measures implemented in the proposed airport management sector case study, have impact on employees, not only in their workplace, but also in their daily routines.


Theoretical Framework: Authors used secondary and primary research methods, conducting a literature review, by analyzing published articles and company reports regarding the relevant concerned concepts. The qualitative research enabled the development the primary quantitative design of the conducted questionnaire survey.


Design/Methodology/Approach: The authors performed questionnaire surveys to Lisbon airport employees, conducted a quantitative analysis and tested the efficiency of the proposed measures to construct a proposal that aims to improve sustainability practices in business management and daily routines.


Findings: The presented results propose motivation and willingness of the respondents for sustainable practices and emphasize the relevance of change management and consolidation of specific sustainable measures in a widespread of day-to-day practices. The neutral position of respondents regarding the specific action of the organization, propose the need for a plan of action for future interactions, with further involvement, participation and information, thus, enhancing the individual and collective impact in the sector, society and in the world, as sustainable corporate practices are shown to be replicated in personal and family environment.


Research, Practical & Social Implications: This paper enables the exploration of the main literature on sustainability and the understanding of practical implications for employees on their routines.


Originality/Value: The study proposes an understanding, in practice, of the impact of adopted measures on employees', namely in their actions and pleasure or satisfaction derived of working in a company with s sustainable practices.


Download data is not yet available.


Amjad, F., Abbas, W., Zia-Ur-Rehman, M., Baig, S. A., Hashim, M., Khan, A., & Rehman, H. U. (2021). Effect of green human resource management practices on organizational sustainability: the mediating role of environmental and employee performance. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28, 28191-28206

Anna Berti Suman & Marina van Geenhuizen (2020). Not just noise monitoring: rethinking citizen sensing for risk-related problem-solving. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 63:3, 546-567, DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2019.1598852

Bhattacharya, C. B., Sen, S., Edinger-Schons, L. M., & Neureiter, M. (2023). Corporate purpose and employee sustainability behaviors. Journal of Business Ethics, 183(4), 963-981

Boussemart, J. P., Leleu, H., Shen, Z., & Valdmanis, V. (2020). Performance analysis for three pillars of sustainability. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 53, 305-320

Burbach, R., Lenz, J., & Jooss, S. (2023). Attracting Talent through Sustainability: leading question: does sustainability help attract and retain talent? In Critical Questions in Sustainability and Hospitality (pp. 173-184). Routledge.

Claussen, E. & McNeilly, L. (1998). The Complex Elements of Global Fairness (Washington, DC, Pew. Center on Global Climate Change), accessed in 3 December, 2023, available at equity.pdf

Clune, W. H., & Zehnder, A. J. (2018). The three pillars of sustainability framework: approaches for laws and governance. Journal of Environmental Protection, 9(3), 211-240.

De Jong, B., and L. Boelens (2014). Understanding Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Through Controversies: A Response to Van Buuren, Boons and Teisman. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 31 (1): 3–13. doi:10.1002/sres.2188.

Eizenberg, E., & Jabareen, Y. (2017). Social sustainability: A new conceptual framework. Sustainability, 9(1), 68.

European Environment Agency. (2018). Perspectives on transitions to sustainability. Accessed in 4 December, 2023, available at

European Environment Agency. (2019). Sustainability transitions: Policy and practice. accessed in 4 December, 2023, available at

Fietz, B., & Günther, E. (2021). Changing organizational culture to establish sustainability. Controlling & Management Review, 65, 32-40.

Goi, C. L. (2017). The impact of technological innovation on building a sustainable city. International Journal of Quality Innovation, 3, 1-13.

Goodland, R. (1995). The concept of environmental sustainability. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 26(1), 1-24.

Greiner, A., & Fincke, B. (2016). Public debt, sustainability and economic growth. Springer International Pu.

Hazaea, S. A., Zhu, J., Khatib, S. F., Bazhair, A. H., & Elamer, A. A. (2022). Sustainability assurance practices: A systematic review and future research agenda. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29(4), 4843-4864.

Herremans, I. M., Nazari, J. A., & Mahmoudian, F. (2016). Stakeholder relationships, engagement, and sustainability reporting. Journal of Business Ethics, 138, 417-435.

Huang, Y. (2021). Technology innovation and sustainability: Challenges and research needs. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 23, 1663-1664.

Hung-Che Wu, Ching-Chan Cheng & Chi-Han Ai (2018). An empirical analysis of green switching intentions in the airline industry. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 61:8, 1438-1468, DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2017.1352495

Iqbal, Q., Ahmad, N. H., & Halim, H. A. (2020). How does sustainable leadership influence sustainable performance? Empirical evidence from selected ASEAN countries. Sage Open, 10(4).

Keramitsoglou, K., Litseselidis, T., & Kardimaki, A. (2023). Raising effective awareness for circular economy and sustainability concepts through students' involvement in a virtual enterprise. Frontiers in Sustainability, 4.

Klein, J. and Dawar, N. (2004) ‘Corporate social responsibility and consumers’ attributions’, International Journal of Research in Marketing, 21(3), 203–217.

Klöpffer, W. (2008). Life cycle sustainability assessment of products: (with Comments by Helias A. Udo de Haes, p. 95). The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 13, 89-95.

Kujala, J., Sachs, S., Leinonen, H., Heikkinen, A., & Laude, D. (2022). Stakeholder engagement: Past, present, and future. Business & Society, 61(5), 1136-1196.

Kumar, B., Kumar, L., Kumar, A., Kumari, R., Tagar, U., & Sassanelli, C. (2023). Green finance in circular economy: a literature review. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1-41.

Kuo, Y. K., Khan, T. I., Islam, S. U., Abdullah, F. Z., Pradana, M., & Kaewsaeng-On, R. (2022). Impact of green HRM practices on environmental performance: The mediating role of green innovation. Frontiers in Psychology, 13.

Luce, R.A., Barber, A.E. and Hillman, A.J. (2001) ‘Good deeds and misdeeds: A mediated model of the effect of corporate social performance on organizational attractiveness’, Business Society, 40(4), 397–415

Macura, B., Ran, Y., Persson, U. M., Abu Hatab, A., Jonell, M., Lindahl, T., & Röös, E. (2022). What evidence exists on the effects of public policy interventions for achieving environmentally sustainable food consumption? A systematic map protocol. Environmental Evidence, 11(1), 1-9.

McKinnon, A. (2010). Environmental sustainability. Green logistics: improving the environmental sustainability of logistics. London.

Miles, M.P. and Covin, J.G. (2000) ‘Environmental marketing: A source of reputational, competitive, and financial advantage’, Journal of Business Ethics, 23(3), 299–311

Murphy, K. (2012). The social pillar of sustainable development: a literature review and framework for policy analysis. Sustainability: Science, Practice and Policy, 8(1), 15-29.

Nikolaou, I. E., Jones, N., & Stefanakis, A. (2021). Circular economy and sustainability: the past, the present and the future directions. Circular Economy and Sustainability, 1, 1-20.

Odhiambo, G. M., Waiganjo, E., & Simiyu, A. N. (2023). Incentivizing Employee Pro-Environmental Behaviour: Harnessing the Potential of Green Rewards. African Journal of Empirical Research, 4(2), 601-611.

Paul Upham (2001). Environmental Capacity of Aviation: Theoretical Issues and Basic Research Directions. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 44:5, 721-734, DOI: 10.1080/09640560120079993

Portney, K. E. (2015). Sustainability. MIT Press.

Purvis, B., Mao, Y., & Robinson, D. (2019). Three pillars of sustainability: in search of conceptual origins. Sustainability Science, 14, 681-695.

Rawshdeh, Z. A., Makhbul, Z. K. M., Rawshdeh, M., & Sinniah, S. (2023). Perceived socially responsible-HRM on talent retention: the mediating effect of trust and motivation and the moderating effect of other-regarding value orientation. Frontiers in Psychology, 13.

Saidani, M., Cluzel, F., Leroy, Y., Pigosso, D., Kravchenko, M., & Kim, H. (2022). Nexus Between Life Cycle Assessment, Circularity and Sustainability Indicators—Part II: Experimentations. Circular Economy and Sustainability, 2(4), 1399-1424.

Sandberga, M., Klockarsb, K., & Wiléna, K. (2019). Green growth or degrowth? Assessing the normative justifications for environmental sustainability and economic growth through critical social theory. Journal of Cleaner Production, DOI:10.1016/J.JCLEPRO.2018.09.175

Saxena, A., Ramaswamy, M., Beale, J., Marciniuk, D., & Smith, P. (2021). Striving for the United Nations (UN) sustainable development goals (SDGs): what will it take?. Discover Sustainability, 2, 1-14.

Scoones, I. (2007). Sustainability. Development in practice, 17(4-5), 589-596.

Sianes, A., Vega-Muñoz, A., Tirado-Valencia, P., & Ariza-Montes, A. (2022). Impact of the Sustainable Development Goals on the academic research agenda. A scientometric analysis. PLoS One, 17(3).

Siems, E., Seuring, S., & Schilling, L. (2023). Stakeholder roles in sustainable supply chain management: a literature review. Journal of Business Economics, 93(4), 747-775.

Thiele, L. P. (2016). Sustainability. John Wiley & Sons.

Tomas M. Koontz (2006) Collaboration for sustainability? A framework for analyzing government impacts in collaborative-environmental management. Sustainability: Science, Practice and Policy, 2:1, 15-24, DOI: 10.1080/15487733.2006.11907974

Vogelpohl, T., & Aggestam, F. (2012). Public policies as institutions for sustainability: potentials of the concept and findings from assessing sustainability in the European forest-based sector. European Journal of Forest Research, 131, 57-71.




How to Cite

Piedade, L., Marques, M. I., & O’Neill, A. (2023). Sustainability Management and Practical Implications for Employees: ANA (Vinci Airports) Case Study. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 8(12), e04120.