Studying the Effect of Employees’ Environment Awareness as an Intermediate Variable for the Relationship between Institutional Pressures and Intentions of Human Resources for Adoption of Green Information Techniques: An Exploratory Study of Micro-Companie
Keywords:Institutional pressures, Human resources intents for adoption of a green information technique & employees’ environmental awareness
Purpose: The aim of the present research paper is to study the impact of institutional pressures derived from institutional theory on the intentions of human resources in micro companies to adopt green information technology. Besides, it aims at explaining the reasons why human resources in companies and research sample, are heterogeneous in their adoption of green information technology, even though they are under institutional pressures.
Theoretical Framework: The carbon footprint for micro-companies enlarges continuously for due to its an increasing use of information techniques in its all activities. Institutional pressures have increased on micro-companies pushing it toward letting human resources adopt green information techniques for mitigating negative impacts hit environment.
Design/Methodology/Approach: The quantitative design was adopted to collect data from employees working in micro-companies’ in southern Iraq for a sample of 181 employees through the questionnaire. The study sample was requested to give an answer to its items in accordance with 7 point Likert scale. As per data statistical analysis, through the use of Partial Least Squares.
Findings: that institutional pressures (forced, imitated & standard) collectively impact positively on intents of the study’s sample for adoption of a green information technique. Also, it was found that institutional pressures (forced, imitated & standard) impact positively employees’ environmental awareness. Then diagnosing the role of employees’ environmental awareness as a variable intermediating the relation between institutional pressures and intents for letting human resources adopt a green information technique.
Research, Practical & Social implications: Future studies can understandable that green information technology is an open arena for all researchers interested in the environment. Researchers can enter this field by raising study questions and employing and applying its variables to micro companies, or public sector organizations. They can expand the organizational theory by adding other intermediate or interactive variables and their effects on human resources’ intentions to adopt green information technology.
Originality/value: Human resources in micro companies play a significant role in shaping the company’s legitimacy in its institutional field. Because micro companies appreciate the commencement time to adopt green information technology, and the place of practice. This requires enriching their knowledge of the challenges facing the environment by developing mandatory and voluntary programs to increase human environmental awareness and to get them engaged and directing their behavior towards this objective.
Abdul Aziz, N.,Senik,R., , Yau,F. , San,O.,and Attan,H.,(2017). Influence of Institutional Pressures on the Adoption of Green Initiatives, Int. Journal of Economics and Management 11 (S3) , 939 – 967.
Ajzen, I.(1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process. 50, 179–211.
Alziady, J., Enayah, H., (2019). Studying the effect of institutional pressures on the intentions to continue green information technology usage. Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility 4 (1),1-14.
Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103(3), 411–423.
Asadi ,S., Nilashi ,M., Samad ,S., Rupani ,P., Kamya ,H., and Abdullah,R.,(2021).A proposed adoption model for green IT in manufacturing industries, Journal of Cleaner Production, 297 ,1-16.
Bagozzi, P., & Fornell, C., (1982). Theoretical concepts, measurements, and meaning. A Second Generation of Multivariate Analysis, 2(2), 5–23.
Bagozzi, R. & Phillips, L., (1991). Assessing construct validity in organizational research. Administrative Science Quarterly, 36, 421–458.
Chen, A. J., Watson, R. T., Boudreau, M., and Karahanna, E. (2010). An institutional perspective on the adoption of green IS. Australian Journal of Information Systems, 17(1), 23–45.
Chin, W., Marcolin, B., and Newsted, P., (2003). A partial least squares latent variable modeling approach for measuring interaction effects: results from a Monte Carlo simulation study and an electronic-mail emotion/adoption study”, Information Systems Research,14, 2, pp. 189-217.
Cooper, R., and Schindler, S., (2014). Business Research Methods, 12th ed, McGraw-Hill education.
DiMaggio, J., and Powell, W., (1983). The iron cage revisited, institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American Sociological Review, 48(4) 147-160.
Du, K., Cheng, Y., and Yao, X. (2021). Environmental regulation, green technology innovation, and industrial structure upgrading: The road to the green transformation of Chinese cities. Energy Econ.
Edmondson, A., McManus, S.,(2007) Methodological fit in management field research. Acad. Manag. Rev. 32, 1155–1179.
Fishbein, M., and Ajzen, I. ( 1975 ). Belief attitude intentions and behavior, An introduction to theory and research, Addison – Wesley.
Gefen, D., & Straub, D., (2005). A practical guide to factorial validity using PLS-Graph, Tutorial and. of the Association for Communications Information Systems, 16(1), 5–26.
Hair, F., Matthews, M., Matthews, L., Sarstedt, M., (2017). PLS-SEM or CB-SEM updated guidelines on which method to use. Int. J. Multivariate Data Anal. 1 (2),pp.107–123
Ham, M.; Mrcˇela, D.; Horvat, M,(2016). Insights for measuring environmental awareness. Ekon.Vjesn. 29, 159–176.
Henseler, J., Hubona, G., Ray, P.,(2016). Using PLS path modeling in new technology research: Updated guidelines. Ind. Manag. Data Syst. 116, 2–20.
Juárez-Luis, G., Sánchez-Medin,P., and Díaz-Pichardo,R., (2018).An Institutional Pressures and Green Practices in Small Agricultural Businesses in Mexico, The Mediating Effect of Farmers’ Environmental Concern, Sustainability , 10(12),pp.1-18.
Liu, X.; Vedlitz, A.; Shi, L. ,(2014).Examining the determinants of public environmental concern, Evidence from national public surveys. Environ. Ence Policy, 39, 77–94
Mandre,J., Ntayi ,M., Kabagambe ,L., and Kagaari,J., (2021). Institutional isomorphism, self-organisation and the adoption of management controls, Accounting and Management Information Systems, 20( 2) pp. 332-364.
Mignerat, M. and Rivard, S. (2009). Positioning the institutional perspective in information systems research, Journal of Information Technology, suppl., Special Issue on Institutional Theory in Information Systems, 24 ,369-391
Oliver, C.,(1997) Sustainable competitive advantage, Combining institutional and resource-based views. Strat. Manag. J. , 18, 697–713.
Pandey, P., andPandey, M., (2015). Research Methodology: Tools and Techniques. Bridge Centre.
Raykov, T., (2007). Reliability if deleted, not “alpha if deleted, Evaluation of scale reliability following component deletion. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 60, pp. 201-216.
Saeed, A., Jun, Y., Nubuor, S.; Priyankara, H., Jayasuriya, M.,(2018) Institutional pressures, green supply chain management practices on environmental and economic performance, A two theory view. Sustainability, 10, 1517.
Scott, R., (2001). Institutions and Organizations. Sage Publications Vo., p. 255.
Sekaran, U. & Bougie, R. (2010), "Research Methods For Business : A Skill -Building Approach", John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Stephanie, E. (2003). Slovin's Formula Sampling Techniques. Houghton-Mifflin, New York, USA
Teo, H.,Wei, L., (2003). Predicting Intention to Adopt Interorganizational Linkages, An Institutional Perspective. MIS Quarterly, 27, No 1, p. 19-49. 108
Xia,D., Chen ,W., Gao ,Q., Zhang ,R., and Zhang ,W.,(2021). Research on Enterprises’ Intention to Adopt Green Technology Imposed by Environmental Regulations with Perspective of State Ownership, Sustainability, 13, 1368.
Zhang, B., Yang, S., Bi, J,.(2013). Enterprises Willingness to Adopt/Develop Cleaner Production Technologies, An Empirical Study in Changshu, China. J. Clean. Prod., 40, 62–70.
Zhou Zhu, Q., Geng, Y.,(2013). Drivers and barriers of extended supply chain practices for energy saving and emission reduction among Chinese manufacturers. J. Clean. Prod., 40, 6–12.
Zikmund, W. G. (2014), "Business Research Methods", 10th ed., Thompson South-Western: Ohio.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Wameedh A. Khdair, Abd Aladheem D. Jabbar
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms: the author(s) authorize(s) the publication of the text in the journal;
The author(s) ensure(s) that the contribution is original and unpublished and that it is not in the process of evaluation by another journal;
The journal is not responsible for the views, ideas and concepts presented in articles, and these are the sole responsibility of the author(s);
The publishers reserve the right to make textual adjustments and adapt texts to meet with publication standards.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right to first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Atribuição NãoComercial 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which allows the work to be shared with recognized authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are allowed to assume additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g. publish in institutional repository or as a book chapter), with recognition of authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are allowed and are encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on a personal web page) at any point before or during the editorial process, as this can generate positive effects, as well as increase the impact and citations of the published work (see the effect of Free Access) at http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html